As the multidimensional method exists in today’s search with the FOPD, the dwelling out of FOPD remains an unresolved topic ( Lukaszewski, 2010 22. Lukaszewski , W . ( 2010 ). Udreka zycia. [torment out-of life] . Sopot : Smak slowa . ). The new report about unidimensional methods and present classifications prompted you so you’re able to formulate the brand new theory one to (a) other than particular different fear of death there is certainly a good standard thanatic anxiety grounds and that (b) the structure out of fear of demise is hierarchical.
Anxiety vor tod und auch sterben
Using bi-CFA, i displayed the existence of a broad FOPD foundation, that was somewhat saturated to the variety of concern with dying known regarding the FVTS. It means one another ways to FOPD-unidimensional and you can multidimensional-try equally legitimate, provided you can use them to explain an appropriate area of look. While the measurement of the standard factor makes it possible to investigation the amount and you will mental outcomes of the FOPD into the relaxed person working (elizabeth.grams. search based on the scary government principle (TMT); Solomon et al., 2015 thirty-five. Solomon , S. , Greenberg , J. , Pyszczynski , T. ( 2015 ). The fresh new worm at center: With the part off dying in life . Nyc : Haphazard Family . ), concentrate on the range of significance and you may types of new FOPD needs to own an entire comprehension of the brand new complexity of the build ( Kastenbaum, 2000 17. Kastenbaum , Roentgen . ( 2000 ). The newest therapy regarding dying , ( step 3 rd ed.,). New york : Springer . ).
We attained insight into which complex framework of your significance of worries from death from the examining a number of ESEM models ( Goldberg, 2006 thirteen. Goldberg , L. Roentgen . Doing it every bass-ackwards: The development of this new hierarchical foundation formations about most readily useful down . Journal from Search during the Identity , 40 , 347 – 358 . Not one of your classifications showed from the inclusion ( Florian & Kravetz, 1983 10. Florian , V. Fear of personal passing: Attribution, build, and you can relationships so you can religious trust . Diary from Identity and you can Societal Mindset , forty-two , 600 – 607 . Lester , D . New factorial framework of your own modified Collett–Lester fear of dying scale . Demise Degree , twenty-eight , 795 – 798 . Ochsmann , R . Benefits to thanatopsychology ] . Gottingen : Hogrefe .
Into the earliest height, i noticed the current presence of a general grounds, that’s called the FOPD. They integrates the specific reasons for hence men and women are frightened out-of death (Yalom, 2008b). Towards second peak, the standards apparently echo the fresh new duality off human instinct described because of the Becker (), in which the physical thinking, invariably a great transitory and you may mortal being, stands compared to the latest a symbol notice, which aims a way to resist death. The first basis (real notice-perspective) was over loaded that have items whoever content material concern driving a car out-of up against dying (elizabeth. The following factor (emblematic notice-perspective) brings together items representing the rest five size well known from the FVTS (age. So you can a limited the total amount, these types of affairs is translated in terms proposed because of the Florian and you can Kravetz (1983) ten.
Florian , V. Concern about personal death: Attribution, framework, and you may affairs to help you spiritual belief . Record away from Identification and you will Social Therapy , forty-two , 600 – 607 . To some extent, this improvement in addition to represents Ochsmann’s (1993) 30. Ochsmann , Roentgen . Contributions so you can thanatopsychology ] . Gottingen : Hogrefe .
Beitrage zur thanato-psychologie
Toward amount of around three products, aside from the a few situations which were Date me mobile site a combination of several sorts of the brand new FOPD, i observed one thing equal to the fresh FVTS dimension of one’s concern with physical depletion. Which basis remains intact to the the further amounts of the latest hierarchical framework of FOPD. The factors from the level seem to correspond to new risks that people needs with regards to the direction observed: brand new physical otherwise a symbol self. According to Yalom (2008b), the fresh new expectation of one’s own demise could possibly get become a life threatening disease which, with respect to the perspective anyone goes into (the fresh physical otherwise a symbol notice), is viewed as in terms of (a) threat/losings otherwise (b) complications, while the stressful condition within the Lazarus’s (1999) 20. Lazarus , R. S . ( 1999 ). Worry and you can feelings. A special synthesis . Nyc : Springer . fret theory. Consequently, the initial reason for the three-grounds provider, on the physical thinking-position, is the consequence of seeing dying with respect to a threat away from losing one’s body and corporeal identity. It is over loaded with factors making up the latest FVTS concern with the fresh actual destruction measurement. Next foundation on third level was associated with perceiving demise as a danger both in the actual care about-direction as well as in the brand new emblematic self-angle. So it foundation are soaked with activities regarding the concern about encountering passing in addition to concern with the procedure of passing away. Its content uses, towards the one hand, with the anticipation from dangers to the feeling of individuality-the fact demise cannot concern us (Yalom, 2008b)-and you can, as well, into anticipation regarding threats so you can individual psychophysical really-being (elizabeth.grams. aches, distress, slow death). This aspect is hence be also known as dangers so you can well-becoming. The next grounds on 3rd level is actually regarding the seeing demise while the a risk regarding emblematic thinking-angle. It is composed of products concerning concern with mortality, the fear of your own end of your life and concern out of lifetime just after demise. Its content appears to show exactly what Yalom (2008b) phone calls a fear of personal annihilation-an anxiety you to definitely death tend to prevent the fulfilment out of agreements and requires which you to definitely have a tendency to disappear. It aspect normally thus be named dangers to self-satisfying lives. This is what Yalom (2008b) takes into account to-be brand new substance of FOPD. Within his viewpoint, confronting this type of aspects of death renders a person aware life can not be delayed up to after, helps make them change out of shallow preoccupations, produces far more depth and you will an entirely different direction your and you can promotes advancement.